Story by TASS Russian news agency
Russian President Vladimir Putin participated in the ceremony to lay warships for the Navy, the Kremlin said.
Ivan Rogov-class amphibious assault ship / Project 23900 LHD
During his working trip to Crimea, the President visited Zaliv shipyard in Kerch. Together with Zaliv Director General Igor Obrubov, the President installed a keel board for the Ivan Rogov amphibious assault ship.
Deputy Prime Minister Yury Borisov, Deputy Defense Minister Alexey Krivoruchko, Commander-in-Chief of the Navy Nikolai Yevmenov likewise did the same for the Mitrofan Moskalenko ship.
The head of state watched, via videoconference, the keel-laying event for the Voronezh and Vladivostok nuclear submarines in Severodvinsk, as well as the Admiral Yumashev and the Admiral Spiridonov frigates in St Petersburg.
“Today, the keel-laying of six new green-water warships is in process at three leading shipyards in Russia simultaneously. Here in Kerch, we have two amphibious assault ships, two frigates at Severnaya verf in St Petersburg, and two nuclear submarines at Sevmash in Severodvinsk,” Putin said.
“Traditionally, the new-generation assault ships and frigates will bear the names of our illustrious military leaders and naval commanders who have done a lot to strengthen the Russian Navy. I am referring to Ivan Rogov, Mitrofan Moskalenko, Admiral Yumashev and Admiral Spiridonov. The two nuclear submarines have been named after two cities of military glory, Voronezh and Vladivostok,” he added.
The new warships will have advanced weapons, controls and communication systems. They will significantly strengthen the combat potential of the Navy and enhance its strategic capabilities.
“About 60 Russian ships and support vessels are patrolling the World Ocean’s key areas with almost half of them patrolling remote sea areas. Long sea voyages and the show of the Russian flag have been held on an ongoing basis lately.
Russia has one of the world’s longest coastlines and access to three oceans, so we will continue to focus on a modern and combat-ready Navy, and to build ships fitted out with advanced weapons and equipment,” Putin said.
“I would like to note that the Navy has received over 200 ships, motor boats and vessels of various classes over the past eight years. It is important to continue to consistently implement the State Armament Program to make sure that the share of modern ships in the Navy exceeds 70 percent by 2027,” the president said.
Zaliv Shipyard in Kerch laid the Ivan Rogov (factory # 01901) and the Mitrofan Moskalenko (01902) universal amphibious assault ships designed by Zelenodolsk Bureau of AK BARS Corporation.
The displacement is over 20000 tons. The ship is 204 meters long and the draft is over 7 meters. It can carry a thousand marines and 75 hardware units, and up to 16 helicopters. The dock of the ship can keep six landing boats.
Sources told TASS in November 2019 that the new amphibious assault ship can carry over 20 helicopters and two reinforced marine battalions of 900 men. They said the displacement will be 25000 tons and the length close to 220 meters.
The Russian amphibious assault ships resemble French Mistral. They have a through flight deck for helicopters and an island superstructure in the starboard. It carries two masts for radars and two funnels.
Mistral uses rudder-propeller units. The Russian ships have a traditional rudder-propeller group, according to the poster displayed in January 2020 at a show in Sevastopol.
Images published by Business Online show Ka-27 and Ka-52K helicopters on the deck of project 23900 ships. It is highly likely that the ships will be armed with Pantsir-M air defense guns and rotating Paket-NK SM-588 launchers with 324mm antitorpedoes.
Sources told TASS in April 2020 the two universal amphibious assault ships of project 23900 will cost close to 100 bln rubles. The lead ship is to be handed over to the Navy in 2026 and the second one on 2027.
Yasen-M-class SSGN / Project 885M
Sevmash laid the sixth and seventh serial Yasen-M-class SSGN of project 885M named the Voronezh (factory #167) and the Vladivostok (168).
The ceremony was attended by shipyard CEO Mikhail Budnichenko, acting Arkhangelsk regional Governor Alexander Tsybulsky and Northern fleet Commander Vice Admiral Alexander Moiseev.
“Today we lay the keel of submarines with hypersonic weapons. They are the future of the Russian underwater fleet,” Budnichenko said.
The construction will take seven years and the submarines are to be ready in 2027 and 2028. Sevmash has built 133 nuclear submarines in its history, he added.
Fourth-generation SSGN of projects 885 and 885M destroy sea, underwater and ground targets. Full displacement is 13800 tons. They can submerge to 600 meters and develop underwater speed of 30 knots. The light hull covers only a part of the solid hull in the bow to decrease noise. For the first time torpedo launchers are located behind the central post instead of the bow. The submarines can fire Onix and Kalibr cruise missiles and Tsirkon in future and have powerful missile and torpedo arms.
The Russian Navy operates the Severodvinsk K-560 Yasen-class SSGN of project 885. It was laid by Sevmash on December 21, 1993 and floated on June 15, 2010. It joined the Navy on July 17, 2014.
The Kazan K-561 lead SSGN of project 885M was laid on July 24, 2009 and floated on March 31, 2017. It is under trials at present and is to join the Navy in late 2020. The Severodvinsk and the Kazan will operate in the Northern fleet.
The Novosibirsk SSGN of project 885M laid on July 26, 2013 and floated on December 25, 2019 will be the first sub of the class to operate in the Pacific fleet.
Sevmash is building four SSGN of project 885M — the Krasnoyarsk (laid on July 27, 2014), the Arkhangelsk (March 19, 2015), the Perm (July 29, 2016) and the Ulyanovsk (July 28, 2017). A contract for another two SSGN was signed in 2019.
The name Voronezh given to one of the new subs means the existing Voronezh Antey-class SSGN of project 949A will be decommissioned in the Northern fleet.
Admiral Gorshko-class / Project 22350 frigate
Severnaya verf Shipyard has laid the sixth and seventh serial frigates of project 22350. They have factory numbers 927 and 928 and are named after Admiral Yumashev and Admiral Spiridonov respectively.
The keel-laying ceremony was attended by Industry and Trade Minister Denis Manturov, St. Petersburg Governor Alexander Beglov, Navy Deputy Commander-in-Chief Vice Admiral Igor Mukhametshin and acting Severnaya verf CEO Igor Orlov.
“The Admiral Spiridonov and the Admiral Yumashev are the seventh and eighth frigates built for the Navy. They have bigger stocks of antisubmarine and missile weapons, including hypersonic ones,” Manturov said.
The frigates will be armed with three instead of two universal vertical launchers 3S-14 with 24 cells for Kalibr and Onix missiles and Tsirkon in future.
The Admiral Gorshkov lead frigate of the project joined the Navy on July 28, 2018. The Admiral Kasatonov first serial frigate was laid on November 26, 2009 and floated on December 12, 2014. It has to join the Navy shortly.
The Admiral Golovko second serial frigate was laid on February 1, 2012 and floated on May 22, 2020. The Admiral Isakov was laid on November 14, 2013. The Admiral Amelko and the Admiral Chichagov were laid on April 23, 2019. The frigates have to join the Navy in 2021, 2022, 2024 and 2025.
Frigates of project 22350 are designated to fight submarines and warships in oceans and seas and to repel air attacks both independently and within formations. The hull of the frigates is flush-decked. It has a three-island superstructure, one mast-turret and one steel funnel. Stealth technologies were used in the construction to make the warship practically invisible for the radars of the potential adversary. Full displacement is 5000 tons, the length is 135 meters. The speed is 29 knots. The crew comprises over 170 men. Diesel gas-turbine power plant has a capacity of 65000 horsepower. It can carry Ka-27 helicopter or its modifications.
The main weapons comprise two 16-cell universal vertical launchers 3S-14 for Kalibr missiles. The fourth and fifth frigates will be armed with three 24-cell launchers which can also fire Onix missiles and Tsirkon in future.
The air defense is provided by four Poliment-Redut 32-cell vertical launchers. They can fire four types of short, medium and long-range antiaircraft missiles. Two Palash artillery guns provide close-range air defense.
Artillery guns comprise 130mm A-192M in the bow. The frigate has Paket antisubmarine torpedo complex, as well as Zarya-3 sonar and Vinietka-M towed acoustic station.
Project 22350 frigates have a three-island superstructure, one mast and one funnel. The hull and the superstructure are made of steel. The frigates have radar and acoustic stealth characteristics.
The main power plant is a CODAG diesel and gas turbine engine of a total capacity of 65000 HP. It comprises two diesel and gas turbine engines M55R. The first two power plants were supplied by Ukrainian Zorya-Mashproekt enterprise. New power plants are produced by UEC-Saturn in Russia.
The warship can carry Ka-27 helicopter or its antisubmarine, rescue, assault and radar options. A hangar is in the stern.
The frigates have electronic warfare, inertial navigational systems, laser emission detecting stations, and communication systems. Sigma-22350 is the combat information and control system.
Putin told Zaliv staff there are plans to continue the construction of big amphibious assault ships if they prove successful. “We plan to do it depending on the engagement record,” he said.
Zaliv employees told Putin major investments were necessary to restore production capacities of the shipyard. The president said “major load is provided to defense enterprises in Crimea.” “We drafted the program to develop the defense industry long ago and rearm the army and the navy. We need modern and world-level equipment for that. We began the work 10-15 years ago and have upgraded the production base,” he said.
As for support to private enterprise in the defense industry, Putin said it has to exchange government investments for shares. “It is the condition. Some agree and even lose the controlling stake,” he said.
There is also the Industry Development Fund which provides loans under 1-percent interest. “We are thinking how to provide additional support and we shall definitely load Crimean enterprises,” Putin said.
The president held a working meeting with Deputy Prime Minister Borisov and discussed rehabilitation of defense enterprises, as well as issues of the Russia-Syria and Russia-Cuba intergovernmental commissions which Borisov co-chairs.