TASS Russian news agency
The corvette has successfully passed the running and acceptance trials to test all mechanisms and arms. It test fired a Kalibr cruise missiles at a sea target in the White Sea.
“The acceptance act was signed after successful running and state trials. The Navy commander-in-chief ordered to include the Odintsovo into the Baltic fleet. It will operate in the missile ship formation of the Baltic naval base,”
The Mytischi lead corvette of project 22800 joined the Baltic fleet in December 2018 followed by the Sovetsk in October 2019. The Odintsovo is the first project 22800 corvette armed with Pantsir-M air defense launcher. It was laid in July 2016 by Pella Shipyard in Leningrad region and floated in May 2018.
Open sources said Russian shipyards are building 13 project 22800 corvettes — the Burya by Pella, the Kozelsk, the Okhotsk, the Vikhr by More Shipyard in Crimea, the Tsiklon, the Askold, the Amur by Zaliv Shipyard in Kerch, the Typhoon, the Tucha by Zelenodolsk Shipyard, the Rzhev, the Udomlya, the Pavlovsk and the Ussuriisk by Amur Shipyard.
Project 22800 was designed by the Central Maritime Design Bureau and is armed with Kalibr missiles, Pantsir-M, AK-176MA 76mm artillery gun.
Pantsir-M naval anti-aircraft gun-missile (AAGM) system
In October 2020, the Odintsovo test fired Pansir-M at air targets. Mi-6 small targets were released by Su-27 fighter jets of the Baltic fleet. They were all destroyed. Pantsir-M is now installed on project 22800 corvettes and other upgraded warships are to be armed with it. The complex is likely to become the main close-range air defense weapon of the Russian Navy.
At present, close-range air defense is ensured by Kortik 3M87 and AK-630, AK-630M, and AK-630 Duet and 3M89 Palash artillery guns. Kortik is installed on the Admiral Kuznetsov aircraft carrier of project 11435 (8 modules), heavy nuclear cruisers of project 1144 (six), the Admiral Chabanenko big antisubmarine ship of project 11551 (2), project 11549 frigates (2) and the Steregushchy lead corvette of project 20380 (1). The aircraft carrier and the Admiral Nakhimov cruiser are undergoing an overhaul and modernization.
Palash was designed as an antiaircraft missile complex, however Russian warships receive it without guided missiles. It is installed on project 22350 frigates (2), the Dagestan frigate of project 11661 (1) and R-60 missile boats of project 1241 (1).
AK-630 and AK-630M are most widely used as close-range air defense by Russian warships. They are installed on the Admiral Kuznetsov (six units), project 11356 cruisers (2), the Tatarstan frigate of project 11661 (2), project 20380 (2) and 20385 (2) corvettes, small missile ships of project 12341 (1) and 1239 (2), air-cushioned landing ships of project 12322 (2), big amphibious assault ships of project 775 (2) and 11711 (2), small artillery ships of project 21630 (2), small antisubmarine ships of projects 1124 and 1124M (1). Some of the warships are undergoing an overhaul and modernization.
AK-630M-2 Duet is installed on big amphibious assault ships of project 11711 (1) and project 21631 corvettes (1). The latter are also armed with Gibka 3M47 with Igla-S antiaircraft guided missiles.
Thus, AK-630 designed in 1960s are the main weapon against antiship and other air weapons of the Russian warships regardless of the class and displacement. Only some big-displacement ships (except for the Steregushchy) are armed with modern air defense weapons with a much bigger range than automatic 30mm guns.